Never leave a burning candle unattended.
Always put out the candle when leaving the room or before going to sleep. Also put the candle out if it smokes, repeatedly flickers or the flame isn't controlled.
Do not move a burning candle.
It is important not to move the candle when it is burning. The hot wax can splatter and cause tricky wax stains and possible burns.
Don't burn a candle on or near anything that can catch fire.
Place candles on a heat resistant and non flammable surface, at least 30cm away from anything that can catch fire, including curtains and decorations etc.
Never use liquid to extinguish a flame.
The water can cause hot wax to splatter and may cause a glass container to break. Hot liquid wax can cause stains and sever burns.
Burn candles out of reach of children and pets.
Never place candles where they can be easily reached or knocked over by anyone, especially children and animals.
Always use a candleholder.
Candle holders should be heat resistant and non flammable; to catch wax from pillar candles and to protect surfaces from heat with container
Trim wick to about 5mm before lighting.
Trim the wick with scissors before lighting the candle. If the wick is too long, a lump of carbon might form on it as it burns (known as clubbing) or the flame might become too high and start to soot.
Only burn a candle for a maximum of 3 hours.
Candle jars must not be burned for over 3 hours per session and always trim the wick before next burn commences. It is good practice not to burn a candle for over 3 hours.
Keep the wax pool clear of matches and other debris to avoid flaring.
Flammable objects in the wax pool, such as matches, insects, flammable decorations or lumps from the wick can ignite and cause the candle to overheat and flare up.
Place candle in an upright position.
Stand candles straight to avoid dripping and minimise the risk of flaring. Glass cups can crack if the flame touches the side.
Leave at least 10cm between burning candles.
Follow recommended minimum distance stated on package, or if not available, leave at least 10cm to be on the safe side. Candles placed too close together can drip or soot, and tea lights can flare up.
Do not place candles in a draught.
Keep candles out of draughts to prevent rapid, uneven burning or sooting.
Always snuff out the flame. Do not blow it out.
Use a candle snuffer when putting out a candle. Do not blow down at a candle in a container such as a tealight, as this increases the risk of flaring and hot wax could splatter up in your face.
Don't place candles near a source of heat.
Do not place candles in direct sunlight on/near a direct heat source such as a fire or radiator as this can affect the way a candle burns. Remember that electrical items like television sets get hot and therefore should be treated as a source of heat.
Re-centre the wick.
If the wick begins to drift towards the edge of the glass, snuff it out and when safe to do so, gently move the wick back to the centre and allow the wax to cool before next burn. This will avoid the flame drifting towards the edge of the glass and causing the glass to break.